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Title: Development of an adaptive rainwater-harvesting system for intelligent selective redistribution
Authors: Liu Cheng, Alexander
Morán Silva, Luis
Real Buenaño, Martín
Llorca Vega, Néstor Andrés
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: PUB L783de/2019
Abstract: This paper presents an adaptive rainwater- harvesting (RWH) system based on a rainwater-collecting unit that (1) ascertains baseline water-quality in its collected rainwater via Ph- and turbidity sensors, and (2) redistributes it to designated toilet-tanks and/or irrigation points. Each unit is integrated with an XBee S2B antenna to enable cost-effective and energy-efficient mesh capabilities for inter-unit communication when two or more units conform the system. Moreover, each unit is also an Internet-of-Things (IoT) device that transmits water-tank levels and sensor-data to a local supervising microcontroller (MCU) via Open Sound Control (OSC). This MCU is, in turn, capable of communication with a cloud-based data plotting / storing and remote-control platform—viz., Adafruit IO—via Message Queueing Telemetry Transport (MQTT). The interface with Adafruit IO enables a remote administrator (a) to monitor water-tank levels and sensor readings, and (b) to execute manual overrides in the system—for example, any or all of the units may be shut-down remotely. When only one unit conforms the system, its water- tank services the toilet-tanks and/or irrigation points connected to the unit. When two or more units conform the system, their water-tank outputs are physically linked, enabling any unit to contribute to the servicing of a variety of connected toilet-tanks and/or irrigation points. In both single or multi-unit configurations, water redistribution is impartial to any end- point at initialization, yet over time the system identifies which end-point(s) require(s) water with a higher frequency and selectively prioritizes servicing to it/them to guarantee prompt refill / supply. The present work is part of ongoing developments of features and services that attempt to imbue the built- environment with intelligence via Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).
ISBN: 978-1-7281-3764-3
Appears in Collections:Publicaciones UISEK

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